11, Apr 2021
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, and political ethicist, who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India's independence from British rule, and in turn inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.
|Full Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
• Father of the Nation
• Peace Activist
|Major Works||• Gandhi witnessed racism, prejudice, injustice against himself and Indians in South Africa, after witnessing all this, Gandhi extended his original period of stay in South Africa to help Indians in opposing a bill to deny them the right to vote. He asked Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colonial Secretary, to reconsider his position on this bill.
• He helped found the Natal Indian Congress in 1894, and through this organization, he molded the Indian community of South Africa into a unified political force.
• A new act was promulgated by Transvaal govt in 1906; as per this Act, every male Asian had to register himself and produce on-demand a thumb-printed certificate of identity. Unregistered persons and restricted immigrants could be deported without a right of appeal or fined on the spot if they failed to comply with Act. At the same time, Gandhi started 'Satyagraha,' a non-violent protest in South Africa. He urged Indians to boycott the new law and to suffer the retribution for doing so. The community adopted this plan, and during the ensuing seven-year struggle, thousands of Indians were jailed, flogged, or shot for striking, refusing to register, for burning their registration cards or engaging in other forms of nonviolent resistance. The government quelled the protest easily, but the public outcry constrained the South African leader, Jan Christiaan Smuts, to negotiate a compromise with Gandhi.
• Upon returning to India in 1915, Gandhi played a major role in India's Independence, Gandhi took leadership of the Congress in 1920 and started escalating demands for India's independence. 26 January 1930 was the day when the Indian National Congress declared the independence of India. The British did not recognize the declaration, but negotiations ensued with Congress taking a role in the provincial government in the late 1930s.
• In 1918, Gandhi initiated Champaran and Kheda agitations.
• In 1930, the Salt March Movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi to oppose taxation on salt by the British Government.
• On 8 August 1942, Mahatma Gandhi, initiated a movement called the "Quit India Movement." Gandhi made a call to "Do or Die" in his Quit India speech delivered in Bombay at the Gowalia Tank Maidan.
|Famous Quotes||• “Be the change that you want to see in the world.”
• “The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is an attribute of the strong.”
• "An eye for an eye will make the whole world blind.”
• “Nobody can hurt me without my permission.”
• “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
• “An ounce of patience is worth more than a tonne of preaching.”
• “A man is but a product of his thoughts. What he thinks he becomes.”
• “Live as if you were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever.”
• "First, they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win."
• "Poverty is the worst form of violence."
|Physical Stats & More|
|Height (approx.)||in centimeters- 168 cm
in meters- 1.68 m
in Feet Inches- 5’ 6”
|Date of Birth||2 October 1869 (Saturday)|
|Place of Birth||Porbandar State, Kathiawar Agency, British Indian Empire
(now in Gujarat, India)
|Date of Death||30 January 1948 (Friday)|
|Place of Death||New Delhi, India|
|Death Cause||Assassination by shooting|
|Age (at the time of death)||78 Years|
|Resting Place||Raj Ghat in Delhi, but his ashes were scattered in various Indian Rivers
|School||• A Local School in Rajkot
• Alfred High School, Rajkot
• A High School in Ahmedabad
|College||• Samaldas College, Bhavnagar State (now, District Bhavnagar, Gujarat), India
• Inner Temple, London
• UCL Faculty of Laws, University College, London
|Caste||Modh Baniya |
Note: The young Gandhi once had a few bites of goat meat; believing it would make him stronger just like the Britishers. He quit the non-vegetarian diet when he was in London for his law studies. 
|Hobbies||Reading, Listening to Music|
|Controversies||• In 2016, some Ghanian students called for the removal of a statue of Mahatma Gandhi from a university campus. They accused Gandhi of being racist towards black people by holding the view that Indians were higher than them. This view was also held by two South African professors Ashwin Desai and Goolam Vahed who claimed that Gandhi labeled black Africans as “savage,” “raw,” and "indolent." That also claimed that Gandhi had also demanded separate entrances for blacks and Indians at the Durban post office while he was living in South Africa.
• In 1906, Gandhi took an oath to abstain from sex life. Gandhi carried out several experiments to test himself as a celibate. He brought his grandniece, Manubehn, to sleep naked in his bed as part of a spiritual experiment in which Gandhi could test himself as a celibate (Brahmachari). Several other young women and girls also sometimes shared his bed as part of his experiments. These experiments took flak from many people in India and other parts of the world.
|Relationships & More|
|Marital Status (at the time of death)||Widower|
|Marriage Date||May 1833|
|Marriage Type||Arranged |
|Wife/Spouse||Kasturba Gandhi (born as; Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia) (11 April 1869 - 22 February 1944)
• Laxmi (adopted; daughter of the harijans Dudabhai and Daniben Dafda); died on 31 January 1984 
• Madeleine Slade aka Mirabehn (adopted; daughter of the British Rear-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade); died on 20 July 1982 
|Parents||Father- Karamchand Gandhi, Dewan (chief minister) of Porbandar state
Mother- Putlibai Gandhi (Homemaker)
• Laxmidas Karamchand Gandhi
• Karsandas Gandhi
• Raliatbehn Gandhi
|Persons||Gautama Buddha, Harishchandra, and his mother Putlibai|
restless as mercury, either playing or roaming around. One of his favourite pastimes was twisting dogs’ ears.”
It haunted me, and I must have acted Harishchandra to myself times without number.”
Mahatma Gandhi In His Childhood
As we didn’t know much about marriage, for us it meant only wearing new clothes, eating sweets and playing with relatives.”
He also described with regret the lustful feelings he had for his young bride.
Young Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi (Seated Extreme Right) With The Members of Vegetarian Society
Mahatma Gandhi in London
Mahatma Gandhi Pietermaritzburg Station
Mahatma Gandhi With the Founders of Natal Indian Congress
Mahatma Gandhi Ambulance Corps
Mahatma Gandhi First Satyagraha in South Africa
Mahatma Gandhi And Leo Tolstoy
Mahatma Gandhi Book Hind Swaraj
Mahatma Gandhi Tolstoy Farm
Mahatma Gandhi With Gopal Krishna Gokhale
Mahatma Gandhi Satyagraha Ashram at Kochrab
Young India First Issue Under the Editorship of Mahatma Gandhi
A News About Mahatma Gandhi in Yarwada Jail
Mahatma Gandhi Presiding Belgaum Congress Session
Mahatma Gandhi At the Lahore Session
Mahatma Gandhi Time Magazine
Mahatma Gandhi With Jawaharlal Nehru
Kasturba Gandhi Death
Mahatma Gandhi And Nobel Prize
The greatest omission in our 106- year history is undoubtedly that Mahatma Gandhi never received the Nobel Peace Prize.”
Mahatma Gandhi With Rabindranath Tagore
Mahatma Gandhi Soviet Union Stamp
Christ gave us the goals and Mahatma Gandhi the tactics.”
He also sometimes referred to Gandhi as a little brown saint.
Martin Luther King Standing In Front of A Portrait of Mahatma Gandhi
Nelson Mandela Giving A Memento To K R Narayanan
Mahatma Life of Gandhi, 1869–1948
Ram Rajya 1943
Gandhi Series Banknotes
Lage Raho Munna Bhai